Ebola Virus Kills 50-90% Of Those Infected...
We are living in a world where connection and communication is so critical to life. We drive next to each other on the same roads, we all go to the same grocery stores and schools, and most of us have no way of even surviving without each other and without that interaction. But what if things changed.... what if we needed to be prepared to survive on our own if all else fails? How many of us could survive? Just as importantly as having an insurance plan is having a friend or family member who has a farm in the country where we could go to survive a disaster.
We often hear about the possible disasters that could effect mankind like an astroid striking the earth, or a supervolcano like yellowstone erupting, or even an EMP device robbing us of all of our power devices. I don't know about you, but I never stopped to think about the Ebola virus when I watched zombie epocalypse, but it's a pretty close analogy, and we are in the middle of it's worst epidemic to date. This is what I just read from the New York Times, and I thought I would pass it along. Keep in mind what you would do knowing that you could contract the disease by being sneezed on. Would you just stay home? Could you survive at home?
Doctors across the country are being reminded to ask for the travel history of anybody who comes in with a fever. Patients who have been to West Africa are being screened and tested if there seems to be a chance they have been exposed. Heightened concern about the virus led to alarms being raised at three hospitals in New York City. But no Ebola cases have turned up. If someone were to bring the virus to the United States, standard procedures for infection control are likely to contain it.
It helps that Ebola does not spread nearly as easily as Hollywood movies about contagious diseases might suggest. In 2008, a patient who had contracted Marburg – a virus much like Ebola – in Uganda was treated at a hospital in the United States and could have exposed more than 200 people to the disease before anyone would have known what she had. Yet no one became sick.
Instead, Ebola spreads through direct contact with bodily fluids. If an infected person’s blood or vomit gets in another person’s eyes, nose or mouth, the infection may be transmitted. In the current outbreak, most new cases are occurring among people who have been taking care of sick relatives or who have prepared an infected body for burial.
Health care workers are at high risk, especially if they have not been properly equipped with or trained to use and decontaminate protective gear correctly.
The virus can survive on surfaces, so any object contaminated with bodily fluids, like a latex glove or a hypodermic needle, may spread the disease.
Ahmed Jallanzo/European Pressphoto Agency
Then, in about half of the cases, Ebola takes a severe turn, causing victims to hemorrhage. They may vomit blood or pass it in urine, or bleed under the skin or from their eyes or mouths. But bleeding is not usually what kills the patient. Rather, blood vessels deep in the body begin leaking fluid, causing blood pressure to plummet so low that the heart, kidneys, liver and other organs begin to fail.
Scientists now believe that bats are the natural reservoir for the virus, and that apes and humans catch it from eating food that bats have drooled or defecated on, or by coming in contact with surfaces covered in infected bat droppings and then touching their eyes or mouths.
The current outbreak seems to have started in a village near Guéckédou, Guinea, where bat hunting is common, according to Doctors Without Borders.
|Emerged / identified||1976; latest outbreak in 2014||1967; latest major outbreak in 2005||2012-2013||2002-2003|
|Locus||Originally, Congo Basin and central Africa; latest strain, West Africa||Originally, central Europe; latest major outbreak, Angola||Arabian peninsula||Southern China|
|Suspected source||Fruit bats, by way of monkeys and other animals||Fruit bats, sometimes by way of monkeys||Bats, by way of camels||Bats, by way of civets|
|Type of virus||Filovirus||Filovirus||Coronavirus||Coronavirus|
|Type of illness||Hemorrhagic fever||Hemorrhagic fever||Respiratory syndrome||Respiratory syndrome|
|Fatality rate in outbreaks||50% to 90%||24% to 88%||About 30%||About 10%|
|Person-to-person transmission||Readily by close contact or fluids; not by aerosol||Readily by close contact or fluids; not by aerosol||Not very readily; mechanism unclear||Very readily by aerosol, fluids or close contact|
Sierra Leone Is Using It's Military To Contain Areas With The Disease